Hyperthyroidism vs Hypothyroidism

Hyperthyroidism vs Hypothyroidism

The thyroid is a gland located in the neck, near the base. The thyroid’s main function is t take Iodine from various foods we eat and convert it to T3 and T4 hormones that we need for out bodies to function properly. Several elements go into throwing your thyroid out of whack. Things like stress, diet and genetics can cause thyroid issues to all people; however, it is most common for women to develop thyroid issues. There is a long list of different thyroid conditions, but most commonly confusing are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. It can be difficult to tell the two apart. So lets take a closer look at each of them.

Hyperthyroidism

An easy way to remember this is to look at the root word, hyper. This suggests that the thyroid is hyper, or overactive, which is correct. This means that the thyroid is producing too many of the T3 and T4 hormones. This can cause a rapid heartbeat, anxiety, and weight loss. This is most commonly caused by Grave’s Disease, an autoimmune condition. Medications and diet can also be a cause to having an overactive thyroid.

Hypothyroidism

This condition is basically the opposite of hyperthyroidism. With this condition, the thyroid is underactive. This occurs when the thyroid is not producing enough of the T3 and T4 hormone for normal body functions. In this case you may experience weight gain, depression and swelling near the front of the base of the neck. This is most commonly caused by Hashimoto’s disease or chronic thyroiditis.

Both of these conditions are more common in women and is mostly associated with the effects of pregnancy. However, with the vague symptoms, it is common for people to believe they have a thyroid problem, when in fact it is not very common, even among women. A doctor will prescribe a patient with thyroid problems certain medications to treat their specific issues. In some cases, the doctor may recommend thyroid surgery.

If you suspect you have a thyroid problem, definitely see your doctor and they can diagnose you for certain and determine the issue, should it not be thyroid related. Don’t let a problem go untreated.

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